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Online Accessibility Rubric - Welcome and Navigating the Wikispace

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Saved by Tammy
on May 13, 2017 at 4:39:12 pm
 
Substantially equivalent 508 Standards (36 CFR §1194.22) from access-board.gov WCAG 2.0 Optimum Accessibility (Level AAA: passes level A, AA, and AAA) Improved Accessibility (Level AA: passes level A and AA) Minimum Accessibility (passes Level A) Does not Pass
(a) A text equivalent for every non-text element shall be provided (e.g., via alt, longdesc, or in element content) [level A]. 1.1. Text Alternatives: Provide text alternatives for any non-text content so that it can be changed into other forms people need, such as large print, braille, speech, symbols or simpler language.

Testing
Use WAVE Web Accessibility Tool by WebAIM.
http://wave.webaim.org/
Verify this criterion with a screen reader if possible.

N/A N/A Criterion 1.1.1.
All non-text content has an equivalent text alternative except in certain conditions specified by Criterion 1.1.1.

Applicable to the following including, but not limited to, images and textual descriptions of videos.

All non-text content does not have an equivalent text alternative except in certain conditions specified by Criterion 1.1.1.
(a) [part of level A] and

(b) Equivalent alternatives for any multimedia presentation shall be synchronized with the presentation [level AA and part of level A].

1.2. Time-based Media: Provide alternatives for time-based media.

Testing
Check each criterion by inspecting the content manually.

Criterion 1.2.6.
All pre-recorded audio content in synchronized media has sign language interpretation.

Criterion 1.2.7.
Allows the option of listening to additional audio to describe the pre-recorded video content in synchronized media while pausing the video. (if needed only)

Criterion 1.2.8.
All pre-recorded synchronized media and video-only media has an alternative. A text alternative is required.

Criterion 1.2.9.
An alternative is provided for live audio-only content using a captioning service.

Criterion 1.2.4.
Captions are provided for all live audio content in synchronized media.

Criterion 1.2.5.
All prerecorded video in synchronized media has audio descriptions.

Audio descriptions are only required when they are needed, such as the audio containing a phrase "click here" with other audible information.

Criterion 1.2.1.
All pre-recorded audio-only and video-only media has an equivalent alternative.

Criterion 1.2.2.
Captions are provided for all pre-recorded audio content in synchronized media.

Criterion 1.2.3.
An alternative means of access, such as a transcript or audio descriptions provided during pauses, is provided for pre-recorded video content.

Captions are always required. The exception for the other conditions is when there is a text version available that is clearly labeled. A text alternative that is an exact duplicate of the content is not required. The text alternative must be equivalent only.

All content does not meet the Criteria specified for level A.
(e)-(h) [part of level A]
(e) Redundant text links shall be provided for each active region of a server-side image map.
(f) Client-side image maps shall be provided instead of server-side image maps except where the regions cannot be defined with an available geometric shape.
(g) Row and column headers shall be identified for data tables.
(h) Markup shall be used to associate data cells and header cells for data tables that have two or more logical levels of row or column headers.
1.3. Adaptable: Create content that can be presented in different ways (for example simpler layout) without losing information or structure.

Testing
WAVE can be used to find Criterion 1.3.1 violations in HTML content, but manual inspection is more reliable.
PAC 2.0 will find violations in a PDF. Be sure to read the report. Two errors can likely be ignored at this time until PDF/UA is more widely implemented.
http://www.access-for-all.ch/en/pdf-lab/pdf-accessibility-checker-pac.html
Criteria 1.3.2-1.3.3 require inspecting the content manually.

N/A N/A Criterion 1.3.1.
Markup is used to indicate structure so that accessibility technology can convey that information to the user, such as using headings, lists, and emphasized text. Also, implied information and relationships in multimedia are present when the format changes.

Criterion 1.3.2.
The reading order makes sense. Also, sequential information is the same for alternative formats.

Criterion 1.3.3.
Instructions do not rely on particular sensory components alone, such as visual or auditory clues.

All content does not meet the Criteria specified for level A.
(c) Web pages shall be designed so that all information conveyed with color is also available without color - for example, from context or markup [part of level A]. 1.4. Distinguishable: Make it easier for users to see and hear content including separating foreground from background.

Testing
Color contrast can be tested using the Colour Contrast Analyser.
https://www.paciellogroup.com/resources/contrastanalyser/
Background sound can be analyzed using Audacity.
http://www.audacityteam.org/
Zoom must be tested with several common browsers and Adobe Reader. All other criteria require inspecting the content manually.

Criterion 1.4.6.
All text and images of text have a contrast ratio of at least 7:1 except for the conditions specified by Criterion 1.4.6.

Criterion 1.4.7.
All pre-recorded audio speeches have either no background sounds, the ability to turn off background sounds, or background sounds that are 20 dB lower than the audio speech.

Criterion 1.4.8.
All blocks of text have foreground and background colors that can be selected by the user, a width that is no wider than 80 characters, no text justification, at least a space and a half within paragraphs, at least 1.5 times the line spacing between paragraphs, and the ability to resize text up to 200 percent without assistive technologies and without needing to scroll horizontally.

Criterion 1.4.9.
Use text instead of an image unless you cannot achieve the same effect otherwise. Same as Criterion 1.4.5 except this applies to when the user can customize the output.

Criterion 1.4.3.
All text and images of text have a contrast ratio of at least 4.5:1 except for the conditions specified by Criterion 1.4.3.

Criterion 1.4.4.
Except for captions and images of text, all text can be resized up to 200 percent without a loss of content quality or functionality and without assistive technologies. Testing with several common browsers and Adobe Reader is required.

Criterion 1.4.5.
Use text instead of an image unless you cannot achieve the same effect otherwise except for the conditions specified by Criterion 1.4.5. This criterion applies to HTML and PDF documents.

Criterion 1.4.1.
Color alone is not used to distinguish an element.

Criterion 1.4.2.
All audio that automatically plays longer than 3 seconds can be paused or stopped. Audio volume for this content can be controlled independently.

All content does not meet the Criteria specified for level A.
  2.1. Keyboard Accessible: Make all functionality available from a keyboard.

Testing
Each criterion must be tested with several common browsers and Adobe Reader.

Criterion 2.1.3.
All functionality is keyboard accessible and focus can be moved away from each component without exception.
N/A Criterion 2.1.1.
All functionality is keyboard accessible.

Criterion 2.1.2.
Focus can be moved away from each component.

It does not require a timed response except in the case that the function depends on user's movements.

All content does not meet the Criteria specified for level A.
(p) When a timed response is required, the user shall be alerted and given sufficient time to indicate more time is required [part of level A]. 2.2. Enough Time: Provide users enough time to read and use content.

Testing
Check each criterion by inspecting the content manually.

Criterion 2.2.3.
Timing is not essential except for non-interactive synchronized media and real time events.

Criterion 2.2.4.
All interruptions can be postponed except in emergency situations.

Criterion 2.2.5.
User can continue an activity without losing data when a session expires and they need to authenticate.

N/A Criterion 2.2.1.
If there are time limits, there must be the ability to turn them off, adjust them or extend them. For more information, go to WCAG 2.0.

Criterion 2.2.2.
Users can pause, stop, or hide all automated moving, blinking, scrolling content that lasts longer than 5 seconds unless it is essential to the activity. This is true for auto-updating content unless the user can control the frequency of the updated material.

All content does not meet the Criteria specified for level A.
(j) Pages shall be designed to avoid causing the screen to flicker with a frequency greater than 2 Hz and lower than 55 Hz [level A]. 2.3. Seizures: Do not design content in a way that is known to cause seizures.

Testing
Use PEAT for all criteria: http://trace.wisc.edu/peat/

Criterion 2.3.2.
Does not contain anything that flashes more than three times a second.
N/A Criterion 2.3.1.
Does not contain anything that flashes more than three times a second or which falls below the general and red flash thresholds.
Contains items that flash more than three times a second and does not fall below the general and red flash thresholds.
(o) A method shall be provided that permits users to skip repetitive navigation links [part of level A].

(i) Frames shall be titled with text that facilitates frame identification and navigation [part of level A].

2.4. Navigable: Provide ways to help users navigate, find content, and determine where they are on the screen/website.

Testing
Each criterion must be tested with several common browsers and Adobe Reader, or by inspecting the content manually.

Criterion 2.4.8.
Users are provided with information about their location within the Web site, for example, by being provided with a breadcrumb trail. PDFs have an indication like page numbers or running headings

Criterion 2.4.9.
The purpose of all links can be determined by its text unless it would make the link ambiguous to users in general.

Criterion 2.4.10.
All content is organized by section headings.

Criterion 2.4.5.
There are multiple ways to locate Web pages except when the page is a result of a step in a process. Bookmarks are in a PDF.

Criterion 2.4.6.
Headings and labels describe their content or purpose.

Criterion 2.4.7.
There is a visual cue that a component has focus. Testing with several common browsers is required.

Criterion 2.4.1.
Can skip blocks of content that are repeated on multiple Web pages. Using headings in PDF documents.

Criterion 2.4.2.
Web page or document titles describe their purpose.

Criterion 2.4.3.
Components receive focus in an order that preserves meaning and operability.

Criterion 2.4.4.
The link purpose can be determined from the link text or within the context of the sentence, paragraph, etc. that contains it unless it would make the link ambiguous to users in general.

All content does not meet the Criteria specified for level A.
  3.1. Readable: Make text content readable and understandable.

Testing
Check each criterion by inspecting the content manually.

Criterion 3.1.3.
Identify definitions of words used in an unusual or restricted way, such a idioms and jargon. An example would be a word that links to a glossary on the same page.

Criterion 3.1.4.
Identify the meanings of acronyms.

Criterion 3.1.5.
When text requires an advanced reading level, there is a version that does not require more than a lower secondary education level.

Criterion 3.1.6.
A mechanism to pronounce words is available when needed to understand its meaning.

Criterion 3.1.2.
If multiple languages are present, indicate the language of the passages that differ from the Web page default unless they are proper names, technical terms, or words of indeterminate language or words that have become part of the vernacular of the immediately surrounding text.
Criterion 3.1.1.
Each Web page has a default human language.
All Web pages do not have a default human language.
(n) When electronic forms are designed to be completed online, the form allows people using assistive technology to access the information, field elements, and functionality required for completion and submission of the form, including all directions and cues [level A]. 3.2. Predictable: Make Web pages appear and operate in predictable ways.

Testing
Each criterion must be tested with several common browsers or by inspecting the content manually.
Verify this criteria with a screen reader if possible.

Criterion 3.2.5.
Changes of context are initiated only by the user or they can turn this feature off.
Criterion 3.2.3.
Navigation that appears on multiple Web pages occur in the same relative order unless a change is initiated by the user. PDFs have consistant page numbers or running headings.

Criterion 3.2.4.
Components that have the same functionality are consistently identified.

Criterion 3.2.1.
When an element received focus, the context does not automatically change.

Criterion 3.2.2.
When changing a setting for the interface, the context does not automatically change unless the user is advised prior to changing the setting.

All content does not meet the Criteria specified for level A.
(n) [level A]. 3.3. Input Assistance: Help users avoid and correct mistakes.

Testing
Each criterion must be tested with several common browsers or by inspecting the content manually.
Verify this criteria with a screen reader if possible.

PDF forms are included in this criterion.

Criterion 3.3.5.
Context sensitive help is provided.

Criterion 3.3.6.
If user input is required, the submissions are either reversible, checked for input errors with the opportunity to correct them, or reviewed by the user and can be corrected prior to the final submission.

Criterion 3.3.3.
When user input errors are detected, suggestions to correct the error are described unless it would jeopardize security or purpose of content.

Criterion 3.3.4.
For user inputed legal and financial information that will be stored, submissions can be checked and edited by the user and submissions are reversible. For more information, go to WCAG 2.0.

Criterion 3.3.1.
Errors resulting from user input are described in text and the item producing the error is identified.

Criterion 3.3.2.
Labels or instructions are provided when a user needs to enter information.

All content does not meet the Criteria specified for level A.
  4.1. Compatible: Maximize compatibility with current and future user agents, including assistive technologies.

Testing
W3C markup Validation service can be used for Criterion 4.1.1.
http://validator.w3.org/
WAVE can be used to find Criterion 4.1.2 violations in HTML content, but manual inspection is more reliable.

N/A N/A Criterion 4.1.1.
Good practices, such as start and end tags, proper nesting of elements, no duplicate elements and IDs are unique, are followed.

Criterion 4.1.2.
All user interface components have names and roles that can be determined and are available to user agents including assistive technologies.

All content does not meet the Criteria specified for level A.
(m) When a web page requires that an applet, plug-in or other application be present on the client system to interpret page content, the page must provide a link to a plug-in or applet that complies with §1194.21(a) through (l). Usable

Testing
Inspect the content manually.

N/A N/A There is a link to the software required. The software complies with 36 CFR §1194.21. The software does not conflict with accessibility software or accessibility features of other software. Does not provide a link to the software required.
  Web Design Best Practices

Testing
Inspect the content manually.

N/A N/A Conforms to Web Design Conventions. Does not conform to Web Design Conventions.

The rubric to criterion 12 is adapted from "Web content accessibility guidelines (WCAG) 2.0​," by W3C, 2008, Retrieved from http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG20/
and "Comparison table of WCAG 2.0 to existing 508 standards," by U.S. Access Board, Retrieved 10/15/2015 from http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-ict-refresh/background/comparison-table-of-wcag2-to-existing-508-standards
Criterion 13 is adapted from 36 CFR §1194.22.

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